Gynaecology relates to physicians specialising in the health of the female reproductive system, which includes the vagina, uterus and ovaries. Physicians that practice in the field of gynaecology are called gynaecologists, and almost every gynaecologist is also a qualified obstetrician. Obstetricians care for the reproductive system of women during pregnancy, childbirth and throughout the postnatal period.
Gynaecological examination is seen as an important part of female health practice, and it involves special tools, knowledge and technique. The gynaecologist will examine for lumps and abnormalities using tools such as a speculum, and they may also perform bimanual examination to feel the cervix, pelvis, uterus and ovaries.
An x-ray or ultrasound can be used to confirm any abnormalities, and physicians specialising in gynaecology may have to deal with conditions such as:
- Amenorrhea (absent menstruation)
- Dysmenorrhoea (painful menstruation)
- Menorrhagia (heavy menstruation)
- Prolapse of pelvic organs
- Cancer and pre-cancerous disease
The range of treatment a gynaecologist provides will depend on the condition, the severity and the clinical history of the patient. In some cases, medication or topical creams may be used to treat conditions, and in some case practitioners in gynaecology will perform surgery.
Surgical procedures can range from a hysterectomy (where the uterus is removed), oophorectomy (removal of ovaries), tubal ligation, cervical excision procedures (removal of pre cancerous cells that are normally indentified with a pap smear) and many other types of surgeries relating to potential health problems associated with the female reproductive system.
To find out more about the practices a gynaecologist performs, contact one of the physicians listed in this database specialising in gynaecology. Use the interactive online profiles to find out relevant details of gynaecologists near you, and call today to make an appointment with a medical professional operating in the field of gynaecology.