Neurology deals with diseases and conditions associated with the nervous systems. The nervous system is a network of specialised cells that communicate information that ultimately leads to the reaction of parts of the body. A physician specialising in neurology is known as a neurologist, and neurologists are not to be confused with neurosurgeons. Neurologists diagnose, treat and study neurological disorders while neurosurgeons perform neurosurgery.
- The nervous system is divided up into categories that include:
- The central nervous system (CNS)
- The peripheral nervous system (PNS)
- The autonomic nervous systems (ANS)
The central nervous system consists of the brain and spine, the peripheral nervous system connects the CNS to the limbs and organs and the autonomic nervous systems operates outside consciousness to control functions such as digestion, heart rate and perspiration (although many ANS functions work in conjunction with consciousness).
The scope for conditions under neurology is quite large, and it can range from various types of trauma to cognitive diseases. There are also degenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's disease, speech and language disorders, infections such as meningitis, demyelinating diseases such as multiple sclerosis and many more.
Treatment obviously varies depending on the condition and situation surrounding the individual patient. Many neurological diseases are chronic and require various techniques to slow or enable the suffers of various conditions. Some neurological conditions can be treated with different forms of therapy of medication.
If you need to find a physician specialising in neurology, you can search the online database at physicians.com.au. Use the online profiles to find out relevant details about neurologists nearest your area, and contact a neurologist today to organise an appointment or find out more about neurology.