Obstetrics refers to the care of women's reproductive systems throughout pregnancy, childbirth and throughout post natal conditions. A physician practicing obstetrics is known as an obstetrician, and the field of obstetrics is closely related to gynaecology. Many gynaecologists are also obstetricians.
Obstetrics is favourable throughout pregnancy to verify the absence of disease, monitor the process of the pregnancy and to monitor the state of pre-existing conditions. In early pregnancy, some important conditions relating to the baby that must be monitored include:
- Abnormal placentation
- Abnormal foetal presentation
- Intrauterine growth restriction
Later in pregnancy, obstetricians may monitor foetal position, placenta praevia and various other indicators through the use of ultrasound. The mother must also be monitored and properly treated for potential conditions that relate to the physiological effects that childbirth can bring on. This includes conditions relating to the cardiovascular system, endocrine system, gastrointestinal system, hematology, pulmonary, renal system, metabolism and certain other conditions.
When the time comes, an obstetrician may assist in almost all aspects of the birthing process. They may monitor the labour, provide pain relief and surgically assist the labour when decided upon or vaginal delivery becomes too difficult. Obstetricians are equipped to deal with a number of emergencies, disease and conditions, and can take the appropriate action to attempt to ensure the health of the individuals involved.
If you need an obstetrician in your local area, use the interactive online database at physicians.com.au. Browse the online profiles to find relevant details such as locations and phone numbers, and then call today to make an appointment with physicians specialising in the field of obstetrics.