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Ophthalmology refers to the diagnoses and treatment of disease of the eyes, surrounding tissue and the brain. A physician specialising in ophthalmology is known as an ophthalmologist, and they may administer both medical and surgical forms of treatment for the various diseases and conditions covered under ophthalmology.

Ophthalmologists deal with a range of diseases and conditions, and some physicians specialising in ophthalmology may also focus on one particular condition or segment of the eye. Some ophthalmologists may specialise in:

  • Anterior Segment
  • Cataracts
  • Cornea, Ocular Surface, and External Diseases
  • Glaucoma
  • Neuro-ophthalmology
  • Ocular Oncology
  • Oculoplastics and Orbit Surgery
  • Ophthalmic Pathology
  • Pediatric Ophthalmology
  • Strabismus
  • Refractive Aurgery
  • Medical Retina
  • Vitreoretinal Surgery
  • Uveitis

Some people may seek out an ophthalmologist for an elective surgery, such as the commonly administered laser eye surgery, and others suffering eye disease may need ophthalmology to save their vision due to a critical condition, such as cataracts. Not all ophthalmologists will treat conditions with surgery, and it depends on the surrounding factors and severity of the condition.

Pediatric ophthalmology deals with eye care for children and a pediatric ophthalmologist will be trained in the specialised care of children. Many eye problems in children vary largely from those that occur in adults, and physicians trained in pediatric ophthalmology are skilled in the diagnosis and treatment of these age-specific conditions.

If you need to find an ophthalmologist in your local area, check out the interactive online database at It features online profiles with all the relevant details you need, and it is then as simple as calling to book an appointment. Look to when you need to find a specialist in the field of ophthalmology.